A compressor is an integral part of your Irmo, South Carolina, HVAC system. It works in tandem with the condenser and evaporator. Together, these three components circulate refrigerant that absorbs heat from inside your home and releases it outside, keeping you cool and comfortable.

How a Compressor Functions

The compressor of a split central air conditioner or heat pump is located outside with the condenser. As the refrigerant circulates through the HVAC system, it is converted from liquid to gas and back to liquid, gathering and releasing heat.

Cool, gaseous refrigerant enters the compressor under low pressure. The compressor motor squeezes the refrigerant, creating a high-temperature, high-pressure gas. The temperature is raised to 150 degrees F, warmer than the outside air. This hot gas is pushed to the condenser, which blows cool air over coils containing the refrigerant. This heat is transferred to the outside, and the refrigerant liquefies. The liquid is routed to the evaporator, absorbing heat from inside the building. The heat transforms the liquid into a gas, which is routed back to the compressor.

Types of Compressors

There are five types of HVAC compressors. Reciprocating compressors, the most common, use pistons to compress air. Newer technology includes scroll, rotary, screw and centrifugal compressors.

If you need a new air conditioning system in your Columbia, South Carolina, home or business, or would like to upgrade a current system, a licensed, certified AC contractor will evaluate your indoor comfort needs, current system, budget and energy usage. Newer systems feature compressors that are quiet and energy-efficient. They also are better at regulating humidity, a key factor in comfort.

The Experts at Cassell Brothers Heating & Cooling

Cassell Brothers Heating & Cooling is a Trane Comfort Specialist. Our technicians undergo rigorous training on state-of-the-art equipment. We use industry standards to properly size new systems and recommend energy-saving features that save money. Our air conditioning services include new installations, upgrades, repairs, seasonal maintenance and 24-hour emergency service.

For more information about compressors and energy-efficient HVAC systems, contact us at (803) 567-1858.